Thursday, 20 October 2016

 British Council ISA 2: MUSIC - An Expression of the Soul

The greatest creation of man, music touches the soul and helps man to sympathetically manifest unspoken desire and humanity in humans. School possessing the circular activity of music, which is even increasingly being accepted and exchanged with the countries having different cultures, paving a way to develop associations between the two nations by welcoming foreign students and teachers nowadays.

The project provided a platform to the students of Class VII to interact with students and teachers of Bangladesh and enhance knowledge about the music and culture of the countries with which the collaborations with the mentioned country.

Through this activity, the students have actually been made aware of the different musical forms and to internalise the fact that music is the expression of the internal soul.

IDENTIFICATION AND COMPARISON: The activities conducted for this project included identification and comparison of the music and it's for and the evidence was collected for the same. Furthermore, Quiz Activity was also conducted for imparting better understanding among the students.

EXCHANGE PROGRAM: Through this, the students learnt about various forms of music of the partnered country, Bangladesh and exchanged the audio music recordings along with e-mails and also shared it with the above-mentioned country through videos. Moreover, Class VI students were made to learn of the partnered country and present it in the assembly; and the evidence was shared and exchanged through e-mail. This activity actually paved students a very good platform for interchanging the knowledge of music.

FEEDBACK: Not only this, even the parents, teachers and students were made aware of the importance of music and its forms used in Bangladesh. Also, a feedback was taken from the same.

Wednesday, 22 June 2016


  • Take genuine interest in your students 
 Learn their interest, hopes and dreams. Ask them about what is going on in their lives. Listen to them and share your stories with them so that they feel comfortable and safe.
And once they start trusting you they will start following what you ask them to do.

  • Act friendly in other ways

A smile can really make you day and i have experienced myself if you smile at someone it motivates him to be a better person, joke sometimes. A supportive touch on a student's shoulder can really create a difference in a students attitude.

  • Be flexible and keep your eye on the learning goal prize

Do not be rigid with students. they are the growing buds which needs to be nurtured with love and care. Sometimes instead of making them do what we want them to do, do what they want to do and you would be surprised to see what beautiful things these students come up with.

  • Reward every small achievement 

Most educator believes that all students should learn as much as their ability and effort will permit. Still almost all schools and parents reward only the high achievements alone on the basis that high grades will inspire all children. However, the students who work hard but get less grades are not acknowledged. And if we start rewarding even the smallest hard work done by the students it would motivate the children to work more harder and will being satisfaction and build confidence in them.

  • Never give up on your students

Be positive and encourage them to grow, because once you give up on your students there can be no growth at all. You are the wings for these little birds, they will fall sometimes but if you stop teaching them they will never learn to fly...
9 Steps to More Effective Parenting

Raising children is one of the toughest and most fulfilling jobs in the world and the one for which you may be the least prepared. Learning “on the job” how to be a parent can be fraught with pitfalls. As advocates for children, we at PRAYAAG for Children want to help you raise healthy and happy children. Here are some ways to tackle your child-rearing responsibilities that will help you feel more fulfilled as a parent, and enjoy your children more, too.

1.     Nurture your child’s self esteem
Children start developing their sense of self as babies when they see themselves through your eyes. Your tone of voice, your body language, and your every expression is absorbed by your child. Your words and actions as parents affect your child’s developing self-image more than anything else in his world. Consequently, praising your child for his accomplishment, however small, will make him feel proud; letting him to do things for himself will make him feel capable and independent. By contrast, belittling your child or comparing him unfavorably to another will make him feel worthless.
Avoid making loaded statement or using words as a weapons: “What a stupid thing to do!” or “You act more like a baby than your little brother!” Comments like these bruise the inside of a child as much as blows the outside. Choose your words carefully and be compassionate. Let your child know that everyone makes and that while you may not like his behavior. You still love him.
2.     Catch your child being good
Have you ever stopped to think about how many times you react negatively to your child in a given day? You may find that you are criticizing far more than you are complimenting. How would you feel about a boss who treated you with that much negative guidance?
The more effective approach is to catch your child doing something right, and praise her to the skies. “You made your bed without being asked-that’s terrific!” or “I was watching you play with your sister and you were very patient!” These statements will do more to encourage good behavior over the long run than repeated scolding. Make a point of finding something to praise every day.  Be generous with rewards-your love, hugs and compliments can work wonders and are often rewards enough. Soon you will find you are “growing” more of the behavior you would like to see.
3.     Set limits and be consistent with your discipline
Discipline is necessary in every household. The goal of discipline is to help children choose acceptable behaviors. Children may test the limits you establish for them but they need limits to grow into responsible adults. Establishing house rules might include: homework is to be done before any television privileges are granted, or hitting, name-calling and hurtful teasing are unacceptable.
You may want to have a system in place: one warning, followed by consequences such as “time out” or loss of privileges. A common mistake parents make is failure to follow through with consequence when rules are broken. A rule without consequences is not a rule at all-it’s a threat. You can’t discipline a child for talking back one day, and ignore it the next. Being consistent sets an example of what expect from our children.
4.     Make time for your children
With so many demands on your time, it’s often difficult for parents and children to get together for a family meal, let alone spend some quality time together. However, there is probably nothing your child would like more. Get up 10 minutes earlier in the morning so you can eat breakfast with your child or leave the dishes in the sink and take a walk after dinner. Children who are not getting the attention they want from their parents often act out or misbehave because they are assured of being noticed. Many parents find it mutually rewarding to have prescheduled time with their child on a regular basis. For instance, tell your child Tuesday is her special night with Mommy and let her help decide how you will spend your time together. Look for ways to connect with your child without actually being there-put a note or something special in her lunchbox.
Adolescents seem to need the undivided attention of their parents less than younger children. Since there are fewer windows of opportunity for parents and teen to get together, parents should do their best to be available when their teen does express a desire to talk or participate in family activities.
Don’t feel too guilty if you’re a working parent. Quantity is not nearly as important as what you do with the bits and pieces of time you have with your child. It is the many little things you do together-making popcorn playing cards and window-shopping that your child will remember.
5.     Be a good role model
Young children learn a great deal about how to act by watching you. The younger they are, the more cues they take from you. Before you lash out or blow your top in front of your child, think about this: Is that how you want him to behave when he’s angry? Be constantly aware that you are being observed by your children. Studies have shown that children who hit usually have a role model for aggression at home.
Instead, model the traits you wish to cultivate in your child; respect, friendliness, honesty, kindness. Exhibit unselfish behavior. Do things for other people without expecting a reward, such as taking dinner to sick neighbor. Express thanks; offer compliments. Above all, treat your children the way you expect other people to treat you.
6.     Make communication a priority
You can’t expect children to do everything simply because you, as parents, “say so.” Children want and deserve explanations as much as adults do. If we don’t take time to explain, children will begin to wonder about our values and motives and whether they have any basis. Parents who reason with their children allow them to understand and learn in a non-judgmental way.
Make your expectations clear. If there is a problem, describe it to your child, express your feelings about it and invite your child to work on a solution with you. Be sure to include consequences. Make suggestions and offer choice. Be open to your child’s suggestions as well. Negotiate with her. Children who participate in decisions are more motivated to carry them out.
7.    Be flexible and willing to adjust your parenting style
If you frequently feel “let down” by your child’s behavior, it may be because you have unrealistic expectations for her. Parents who think in “should”, e.g., “She should be potty-trained by now”, may find it helpful to do more reading on the matter or talk to other parents or child development specialists. This may enable you to adjust your expectations to a more realistic level.
The environment in which your child moves also has an impact on her behavior. For example, you may be able to modify your 2-year-old’s behavior by changing her environment. If you find yourself constantly saying “NO” to her, there are surely ways to restructure her surroundings so that fewer things are off-limits. This will cause les frustration for both of you.
As your child changes, you will probably have to change your parenting style, too. Many parents find it helpful at some point to draw up a “kiddie contract” to encourage good behavior and motivate their child. This can be as simple as a weekly list of chores and responsibilities posted on the refrigerator. Chances are, what works with your child now won’t work forever.
Teenagers tend to look less to their parents and more to their peers for examples of how to be. Continue to provide guidance and appropriate discipline while allowing your child to earn more independence. And seize every available moment to make a connection!
8.     Show your love is unconditional
As a parent, you are responsible for correcting and guiding your child. But how you express your corrective guidance makes all the difference in how your child receives it. When you have to confront your child, avoid blaming, criticizing or faultfinding, which undermine his self-esteem and can lead to resentment. Instead, strive to nurture and encourage even when you are disciplining your child. Make sure he knows that while you want and expect him to do better next time, you love him-no matter what.
9.     Be aware of your own needs and limitations as a parent

Face it you are an imperfect parent. You have strengths and weaknesses as a family leader. Recognize your abilities, “I’m loving and dedicated”. Vow to work on your weaknesses. “I need to be more consistent with discipline”. Try to have realistic expectations of yourself, your spouse and your children. You don’t have to have all the answers be forgiving of yourself. And try to make parenting a manageable job. Focus on the areas that need the most attention rather than trying to address everything all at once. Admit it when you’re burned out. Take time out from parenting to do thing that will make you happy as a person and as a couple. Focusing on your needs does not make you selfish. It simply means you care about your own well-being. Which is another important value to model for your children.

Tuesday, 31 May 2016


Development Milestones

Skills such as taking turns, playing make believe and kicking a ball, are call development milestones. Development milestones are things most children can do  by a certain age. Children reach milestones in how they play, learn, speak, behave, and move (like jumping, running or balancing).

Because of children's growing desire to be independent, this stage is often called the "terrible twos". However, this can be exciting time for parents and toddlers. Toddlers will experience huge thinking, learning, social and emotional changes that will help them to explore their new world, and make sense of it. During this stage, toddlers should be able to follow two or three step direction, sort objects by shape and color, imitate the actions of adults and playmates, and express a wide range of emotions.

Positive Parenting Tips

Following are some of the things you, as a parent, can do to help your toddler during this time:

  • Set up a special time to read books with your toddler.
  • Encourage your child to take part in pretend play.
  • Play parade or follow the leader with your toddler.
  • Help your child to explore things around her by taking her on a walk or wagon ride.
  • Encourage your child to tell you his name and age.
  • Teach your child simple songs like Itsy Bitsy Spider, or other cultural childhood rhymes.
  • Give your child attention and praise when she follows instructions and shows positive behaviour and limit attention for defiant behavior like tantrums. Teach your child acceptable ways to show that she's upset.

Child Safety First

Because your child is moving around more, he will come across more dangers as well. Dangerous situations can happen quickly, so keep a close eye on your child. Here are a few tips to help your child growing toddler safe: 

  • Do NOT leave your toddler near or around water (for example, bathtubs, pools, ponds, lakes, whirlpools, or the ocean) without someone watching her. Fence off backyard pools. Drowning is the leading cause of injury and death among this age group.
  • Encourage your toddler to sit when eating and to chew his food thoroughly to prevent choking.
  • Check toys often for loose or broken parts.
  • Encourage your toddler not to put pencils or crayons in her mouth when coloring or drawing.
  • Do NOT hold hot drinks while your child is sitting on your lap. Sudden movements can cause a spill and might result in your child's being burned.
  • Make sure that your child sits in the back seat and is buckled up properly in a car seat with a harness.

  • Talk with staff at your child care provider to see if they serve healthier foods and drinks, and if they limit television and other screen time.
  • Your toddler might change what food she likes from day to day. It's normal behavior, and it's best not to make an issue of it. Encourage her to try new foods by offering her small bites to taste.
  • Keep television sets out of your child's bedroom. Limit screen time, including video and electronic games, to no more than 1 to 2 hours per day.
  • Encourage free play as much as possible. It helps your toddler stay active and strong and helps him develop motor skills.